The complete list of the 10 biggest science news stories of 2023, published by Science magazine.

【Science Magazine named “Progress in Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment” as one of the 10 most important science news…new treatments developed by Eisai and others.】


【Science’s 2023 Breakthrough of the Year】


1、Obesity can also be treated. (GLP-1 receptor agonist)

Blockbuster weight loss pills help you lose weight without any health problems. It is also expected to be effective for patients with diabetes, a chronic disease caused by obesity. Approved in the US in November.

2、Earth’s carbon pump is slowing down.

Ocean currents take in heat, oxygen, and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. It helps absorb 1/3 of the carbon dioxide emitted by humans. However, it has recently been found that the seawater temperature on the Antarctic ocean floor is rising and the amount of seawater (ocean currents) is decreasing.

3、The search for natural hydrogen is heating up

In 2012, hydrogen was discovered in Mali, West Africa. Inspired by this discovery, coal miners discovered evidence of large reserves of hydrogen on every continent beyond Antarctica. The existence of hydrogen on Earth overturns conventional geological wisdom. Hydrogen is a clean energy and is cost and energy efficient. It may generate enormous wealth like oil. A mining rush is inevitable

4、The emergence of AI weather forecasters

The AI, trained on 40 years of weather data and weather models, can even predict the path of a hurricane with eerily accurate accuracy. The European forecast agency ECMWF’s AI forecasts are among the best in the world, and other agencies are scrambling to catch up. No one knows what patterns AI weather forecasts are learning.

5、New hope against malaria

The world’s first malaria vaccine, called Mosquirix, significantly reduced infant mortality rates. And the latest malaria vaccine, R21/MatrixM, is even cheaper and can be mass-produced, potentially preventing the deaths of tens of thousands of children.

6、Finally, progress is being made in the fight against Alzheimer’s disease

A new antibody therapy may slow neurodegeneration in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients. In January, U.S. regulators approved the first drug to clearly slow cognitive decline. Although there is a risk of side effects from the treatment, scientists hope to use this new antibody therapy to accumulate more data and find new, more effective treatments.

7、Discussion progresses over when humans arrived in the Americas

It was thought that humans arrived in the Americas about 16,000 years ago, but the latest research has revealed the possibility that humans reached the Americas as far back as 26,000 years ago. (Discovered human footprints from 23,000 years ago) If this is correct, humans would have migrated to the Americas before the ice sheets were formed.

8、Observing the commotion of a giant black hole merger

Supermassive black holes, hundreds to hundreds of millions of times larger than the sun, exist throughout the universe. The supermassive black holes work in pairs and orbit each other in tight orbits. They then combine and emit powerful gravitational waves. In June, five teams around the world observed different pulses (gravitational waves).

9、Rise of young scientists

For decades, graduate students and postdocs have complained of low pay and poor working conditions. In recent years, strikes and protests by young scientists have occurred in various countries. However, it will be difficult to overcome the current situation where budgets are tight. It remains to be seen whether research funding agencies will increase grants and pay increases for young researchers. On the other hand, some universities are taking steps to support faculty in response to rising labor costs.


10、The dawn of exascale computing

Exascale computing refers to a level of supercomputing that can perform more than 100 quintillion floating point operations per second to handle large workloads. (Supercomputers are finally entering the exascale era)
The exploration of exascale has only just begun. Argonne National Laboratory’s exascale machine is currently undergoing final debugging before being released to users. Next year, new exascale supercomputers will go online in California and Germany, and in France and Japan.





The above is a quote from the article





The latest updates are fun, educational, and exciting.


When I first read the Yomiuri Shimbun article, I thought to myself, “So what are the other 10 major news stories?” and even after searching, I couldn’t find any news or articles written in Japanese that covered all 10 topics.


As a Japanese person, I understand that I’m happy that a drug developed by Japan’s Eisai was featured, but I wonder why the Japanese media doesn’t report the whole story, not just that part.


I had no choice but to translate the original US site myself and summarize it as above. I’m paraphrasing a bit, so please excuse me if I’m wrong.


So, I was pretty exhausted just translating and putting it together, so that’s all for today.



For now, all I can say is


Updating the latest information and information is fun, educational, and exciting.


Did you feel the same way? ^^


I would be happy if I could help you with that.

If so, I’m glad I tried my best to translate it.


See you then.


There are many interesting things, such as the hydrogen mining competition, exascale that exceeds supercomputers, and AI weather forecasters, etc., and I have many thoughts and things I want to say, but I will stop for today.




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